Prebiotics: Prebiotic is a substrate (food source) that is selectively utilized by host microorganisms conferring a health benefit.
Probiotics: Probiotics are “live” microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host.
Synbiotics: Synbiotic is a mixture of live microorganisms (probiotics) and substrate(s) (prebiotics) selectively utilized by host microorganisms that confers a health benefit on the host Paraprobiotics: Paraprobiotics (ghost or zombie probiotics), are non-viable microbial cells (intact or broken cells) or crude cell extracts which, when administered (orally or topically) in adequate
amounts, confer a benefit on the human or animal consumer.
Postbiotic: Postbiotics are probiotic-derived products obtained from food-grade microorganisms that confer health benefits when administered in adequate amounts.
A prebiotic is the food source, a probiotic is the live organism that feeds, and a postbiotic is the product obtained from fermentation that may provide health benefits to the host.
A postbiotic matrix is a combination of the health promoting compounds made from fermentation with the unviable cells (paraprobiotics) of the probiotic organisms used.
Examples of other postbiotic foods are fermented foods such as pickled vegetables, sauerkraut, kimchi, preserved meats or traditional yoghurt.
GUT MATRIX ™
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